Nisua (Finnish Coffee Bread)

One of my fondest childhood memories is sitting down at my grandmother’s kitchen table, eating warm, buttery toasted slices of nisua, her Finnish coffee bread. It was a rare treat we would enjoy together, during our holiday visits to her home in Michigan.

Nisua Xmas

Many years later, after Grandma was gone, and I was grown with children of my own, I attempted to bake nisua for the first time. I was lacking my grandmother’s years of baking experience to know the right feel of the dough, and I didn’t have the muscle memory to effortlessly twist a beautiful braided loaf. But, I did put love into my efforts, and despite my imperfectly shaped result, my own humble nisua still brought back a sweet memory.

Three Sisters
Grandma Irene, enjoying coffee time with her sisters.

Below is my grandmother’s approximate recipe, which my mother tried to capture on these Nisua recipe cards. Some of the instructions are a little jumbled and inexact. I think the two of them must’ve been eating nisua, drinking coffee and laughing. I’ve done my best to organize the details below. Note, this baking adventure takes several hours, so Grandma offered this wise advice: No interruptions, no phone calls when making Nisua!

Nisua – Irene Abersold (Impi Helin)

In a mixing bowl, combine:

  • 2 dry pkg. yeast, or yeast cake dissolved in 1-1/3 C warm milk
  • 2/3 C sugar
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • grated lemon peel
  • 2 C flour

Add and beat until smooth:

  • 1 C melted shortening (melted oleo or butter or 1/2 C Crisco + 1/2 C butter)
  • 5-6 beaten eggs
  • 5 C sifted flour
  • 1/4 tsp grated lemon peel

Divide dough into 2-4 balls in the bottom of bowls. Cover and place in a warm place until double in size.

Punch down and roll out dough ball on floured board, about 1/4′ to 1/2″ thick. Grease with about 2 T. Crisco (enough for both or more loaves).

Circle loaf method:
Prepared a mixture of 1 C light brown sugar and 2 tsp. cinnamon. Sprinkle 1/4 of this mixture over greased area, then sprinkle with raisins and cherries. Roll up the dough like a jelly roll. Pinch ends together and shape in a circle, on a greased cookie sheet.

Grandma’s walnut grinder, passed down to me.

Braided loaf method:
Cut the rolled out dough with scissors almost through to the end, in strips about 1 1/2″ apart. Turn slices slightly to one side. Braid strips to make a loaf (rubbed with Crisco). Place in buttered, floured oblong pan. Cover and let rise again until double in bulk.

Finishing touches:
Using a butter brush, spread loaf with melted butter. Sprinkle with remaining cinnamon sugar mixture, can of cherries (chopped + squeeze juice out of cherries so they won’t be too wet), chopped walnuts. Decorate the top with cherries cut in two, and a few half walnuts.

Bake at 350 degrees until nicely browned (no total baking time provided). Check it about 12-15 minutes.

Icing glaze (once loaf is cooled):

  • 1 C powdered sugar
  • 4 tsp milk
  • 1 tsp almond extract

Dribble icing over part of the loaf, and sprinkle with slivered almonds. Or spread icing between slices with cherry or strawberry jam (old method). Optional: coffee & sugar icing – Finns do it this way! Demonstration is recommended.

Oh, how I would love to watch my grandmother make nisua, just one more time 🙂

If you have any memories or advice about making Finnish nisua, please share in the comments below!


3 thoughts on “Nisua (Finnish Coffee Bread)

  1. I too grew up in a Finnish household in NH. My mother always would go to a Finnish Co-op store in Fitchburg, MA and pick up 24 loaves just before Christmas. The bakers at the store said my mother ordered more than anyone. She would shared half the loaves with family and friends and she froze half of them so that she always had some on hand for visitors. When I got married, fortunately my wife (English/German heritage) loved the bread too and learned how to make it. She usually makes 2 dozen loaves for family, friends and places where we do lots of business in our small town. Getting fresh cardamon seeds makes the bread’s unique taste really special! Now all I need to do is to learn how to read, write and speak Finnish. As kids, our parents and friends would speak it and we all loved to hear the unique language but never really learned it. But we did learn about SISU! Happy Holidays!


    1. What a wonderful story about your mother! 24 loaves of nisua, my goodness! A kind, generous soul. It’s been a while since my last attempt at baking nisua. This year just might be the year for me to gain more experience. I also loved to hear the language spoken between my elders. Keep your SISU and hyvää joulua to you!


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